Prime Areas

Communication & Language

Development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations. 


Communication & Language supports:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development – a child who can communicate feelings, needs and ideas develops a strong sense of self and is increasingly able to relate to others in rewarding and appropriate ways.

  • Physical Development through describing actions (which increases conscious control) and through talk about health and the factors which influence it.


Physical Development

Involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.


Physical Development supports:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development – increasing physical control provides experience of the self as an active agent in the environment, promoting growth in confidence and awareness of control.

  • Communication and Language – a child who can effectively use the large movements, gestures and fine movements involved in speech is able to convey messages to others.


Personal, Social & Emotional 

Involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.


Personal, Social and Emotional Development supports:

  • Physical Development – a child who feels secure and safe is confident to expand the boundaries of exploration and is motivated to reach, move and test physical capacities.

  • Communication and Language within relationships that establish turn-taking, joint activity, a desire to communicate and understanding of shared meanings of words.